Anyone can grow orchids in the home without living in the tropics or having
the luxury of a greenhouse. Today, houseplants are a regular part of home
decoration. If you have ever successfully grown a houseplant, or enjoyed
a flowering potted plant, you can grow orchids. The good news is there are
plenty of options to give yourself a beautiful display of flowering orchids
year round. Hint: Orchids grown in the home during the colder months will
respond wonderfully well to being summered outdoors in a protected area.
This will also extend the range of plant selections available to you.
No flowering plant will do well without sufficient light. In the home,
where most available light is incidental (that is, at an angle, and therefore
less intense), plants will need to be fairly close to an east or west,
or lightly shaded south, window. A north window will rarely provide adequate
light. If light is too intense in a southern exposure, a sheer curtain
could be hung to diffuse the light. Extra hours of light will not entirely
compensate for poor light quality. Indeed, extending day length artificially
to more than 16 hours can be detrimental to the plants' health and often
will prevent flowering.
The plants will be comfortable where you are comfortable. Typical home
temperatures of 55° to 60° F at night and 70° F during the
day are fine. Guard against excessively low or high temperatures immediately
adjacent to glass windows. Some leeway for seasonal fluctuations is allowed.
Each particular type of orchid will retain its basic water needs, whether
for moisture or periodic dryness. The home grower also needs to give thought
to the logistics of watering. You can carry plants to the sink or even
outdoors (when weather allows), or water them in place and remove excessive
water so the containers giving long-lasting blooms; provide African-violet
Rugs, drapes and some furniture act as giant wicks that absorb the home's
humidity, as do heating and air-conditioning systems. Also, it is not
advisable to have the home's interior be too wet to accommodate the plants.
Solutions: Group plants to take advantage of their collective transpiration
(exhaled moisture) or place them on gravel-filled humidity trays to raise
the humidity to 50 percent.
Care must be taken to balance the rapid surface drying that can take place
in the home with the plants' lower metabolic processes resulting from
lower light. Each particular type of orchid will retain its basic water
needs, whether for moisture or periodic dryness. The home grower also
needs to give thought to the logistics of watering. You can carry plants
to the sink or even outdoors (when weather allows), or water them in place
and remove excessive water so the containers do not sit in water.
Fertilize regularly at a low dosage of approximately one-quarter strength
with a fertilizer appropriate to the potting mix in which your plants
are grown. Fertilize less often during the winter.
A Selection of Plants
Angraecums Dwarf Madagascaran species, fragrant at night; bright
Cattleya Alliance Hybrids and Species Choose miniature types less
than 10 inches tall; bright light of southern exposure is best.
Dendrobiums Dwarf phalaenopsis types, or higher-altitude miniatures;
bright light at south window required.
Oncidiums Many types available in flower, best if smaller growing;
Paphiopedilums Lady's-slipper orchids grow well under home conditions,
giving long-lasting blooms; provide African-violet conditions.
Phalaenopsis Moth orchids are absolutely the number-one best orchid
houseplant; provide African-violet conditions.